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Brewing a Coffee Revolution: Growing Coffee in Florida for Home and Commercial Use

Growing Coffee in Florida: From Home to Commercial

If you’re a coffee-lover living in Florida, you may have wondered if you could grow your own coffee at home. Or maybe you’re considering the feasibility of growing coffee commercially in the Sunshine State.

In this article, we will discuss coffee growing in Florida, covering topics such as climate, soil, sunlight, and potential income for commercial growers.

Growing coffee at home

If you’re keen on growing coffee at home, there are a few things you should know. Firstly, coffee grows best in warm, tropical climates, which makes Florida an ideal location for coffee growing.

However, it’s important to choose the right coffee variety. The two main varieties of coffee grown commercially are Arabica and Robusta.

Arabica is a sensitive plant that requires specific growing conditions, while Robusta is a hardier plant that requires less attention.

To ensure your coffee plants thrive, you must pay close attention to the temperature and soil.

Coffee plants are sensitive to drastic changes in temperature. For Arabica, the ideal temperature range is between 60-75F, while Robusta can tolerate slightly higher temperatures.

If the temperature drops below 32F, the plants can become severely damaged, so it’s essential to protect them from cold weather.

The soil you use for your coffee plant is also crucial.

Coffee plants prefer acidic soil with good drainage. They grow best in well-draining soil with a pH range of 6.0-6.5. If soil drainage is poor, it can lead to excess water retention, which can create root rot.

You can also grow coffee in pots, which allows you to move the plant indoors during colder weather. Choose a pot that is at least 18-24 inches in diameter and has good drainage holes.

Coffee plants need direct sunlight, so place them in a bright spot that receives direct sunlight for at least 6 hours per day.

Commercial coffee growing

If you’re considering commercial coffee growing in Florida, you may be wondering if it’s a feasible venture. The first thing you should research is the quality of coffee produced in Florida.

Coffee growing is not a new industry in Florida, with coffee production dating back to the early 1900s. Today, Florida produces small quantities of specialty coffee, which can fetch high prices.

However, before investing in commercial coffee growing, it’s important to consider the costs and potential income. Setting up a coffee farm can be expensive, with costs ranging from $20,000 to $40,000 per acre.

Additionally, growing coffee takes time, with the plants taking three to four years to reach maturity.

Once mature, coffee plants can produce anywhere from 1-5 pounds of green coffee beans per plant per year, depending on variety and growing conditions.

At current market prices, the income from coffee can range from $1 to $5 per pound of green coffee beans. So, an acre of coffee farmland could generate anywhere from $20,000 to $100,000 per year, depending on the yield and the quality of the coffee produced.

Over the years, researchers have worked to improve the quality and yield of coffee grown in Florida. This research has helped commercial growers to better understand the ideal growing conditions for coffee in Florida.

A key area of focus for growers is learning how to protect coffee plants from intense Florida summers. One strategy is providing shade, which can reduce the amount of sunlight the plants receive and help to keep them cool.

Climate and Soil Requirements

Temperature requirements

Temperature plays a significant role in coffee growing. As mentioned earlier, Arabica and Robusta have different temperature requirements.

Arabica prefers moderate temperatures ranging from 60-75F, while Robusta can tolerate warmer climates. Florida’s subtropical climate falls within the temperature range for both varieties of coffee, making it an ideal location for coffee farming.

However, temperatures can drop below freezing during the winter in some parts of Florida, which can damage the plants. To protect their crops, growers can use frost cloths and irrigation to create a protective layer of ice around the plants, which can protect them from the cold.

Sunlight requirements

Coffee plants require direct sunlight for at least six hours per day. However, the intensity of the Florida sun can damage the plants, especially during the summer months.

Shade is crucial in Florida, so growers must provide adequate canopy cover to protect the plants from the harsh sunlight. Shade can also help to regulate temperature and provide a more suitable growing environment for the coffee plants.

Soil requirements

Aside from temperature, the quality of the soil is crucial. The ideal soil for coffee plants is acidic, with a pH range of 6.0-6.5. Florida’s soil is naturally alkaline, so growers will typically have to adjust the pH or add amendments to the soil to create the ideal growing conditions for coffee.

Good drainage is critical, as water retention can lead to root rot and other issues. Before planting coffee, growers should always get the soil tested to ensure the soil’s pH, nutrient levels, and drainage are suitable for coffee farming.


Coffee growing in Florida can be a lucrative venture for those willing to put in the hard work.

Growing coffee at home can be an enjoyable hobby and produce a yield of fresh coffee beans for personal consumption.

For commercial growers, the quality and potential income of coffee produced in Florida make this venture an exciting possibility. By understanding the climate and soil requirements of coffee, growers can create ideal growing conditions for coffee so that they can thrive in Florida’s subtropical climate.

3) Research and Development

Coffee research in Florida

The University of Florida has been conducting research on coffee production since the early 1900s, contributing significantly to the industry’s growth and development in Florida. With the rising demand for locally grown produce, researchers are working to develop coffee varieties that are better suited to Florida’s climate and have unique flavor profiles.

One of the primary objectives of the research is to develop novel coffee varieties that can produce high-quality coffee that meets the demand of specialty coffee shops and coffee enthusiasts. In collaboration with coffee farmers, researchers have conducted extensive taste tests to identify the unique flavor characteristics and nuances of coffee grown in different parts of Florida.

These tests enable farmers to identify the best variety of coffee to grow in a specific location and to develop roasting techniques that fully bring out the flavor of the coffee. Additionally, researchers are studying the coffee plant’s genetics and breeding habits to develop cultivars that are resistant to pests and diseases, and that produce high yields.

Potential for commercial coffee

The research being done on coffee production in Florida has given rise to the possibility of commercial coffee growing. The focus on producing high-quality coffee with unique flavor characteristics has positioned Florida as a potential coffee hub.

According to the Florida Specialty Crop Foundation, Florida’s small-scale coffee farming is sustainable and capable of producing high-quality coffee beans that can compete globally.

Commercial coffee growing brings numerous economic benefits to the state, including job creation and revenue generation. Small-scale coffee farming also fits well within the trend for sustainable agriculture, which has been on the rise in recent years.

With proper planning, commercial coffee growing in Florida has the potential to become a significant contributor to Florida’s economy.

4) Final Considerations

Challenges of coffee production in Florida

While there are many benefits to coffee production in Florida, there are also challenges that must be addressed. Sustainability is a big challenge, particularly in a state that is prone to so many risks, such as hurricanes, flooding, and pests.

Protecting the environment and maintaining biodiversity is crucial for sustainable coffee production.

Another challenge is the final taste of the coffee.

Florida coffee has a unique flavor profile that doesn’t necessarily fit into the traditional flavor profile of coffee grown in other regions of the world. Some coffee enthusiasts may appreciate this unique taste, but commercial coffee buyers may prefer more conventional flavors.

Marketing Florida coffee to a broader audience requires creative promotional strategies to introduce coffee lovers to the unique and delicious flavor profile of Florida coffee.

Prospects for future coffee production

With the ongoing research on coffee production in Florida, the state’s prospects for coffee growing are promising. Innovations in agroforestry and canopy management, along with advances in irrigation technology and integrated pest management, have positioned Florida well to become a significant coffee hub.

With its unique flavor profile and sustainable growing practices, Florida coffee has the potential to become a readily available and desirable commodity for coffee lovers. Moreover, the emphasis on producing specialty coffee, rather than creating bulk production, generates higher revenue, so commercial growers can opt for small-scale farming to meet the growing demand for specialty coffee.

This shift opens up opportunities for small to medium businesses, such as small roasters and specialty coffee shops. They could tap into the specialty coffee market, which places greater emphasis on the coffee’s quality and taste profile rather than quantity.


As climate change and other factors continue to threaten traditional coffee-growing regions, there is increasing interest in diversifying coffee production to other, less known regions. With its subtropical climate and unique flavor profile, Florida may be the ideal growing location.

State-supported research and experimentation focused on sustainable farming methods and high-quality production have already begun to demonstrate that such production is achievable. Commercial growers looking to stabilize their income stream can capitalize on the growing demand for high-priced specialty coffees, which are typically produced in smaller quantities, by investing in coffee production in Florida, a region well-suited for such production.

The article explores the potential of coffee production in Florida, covering topics such as growing coffee at home and commercial coffee growing. It delves into the climate and soil requirements of coffee production, highlighting the importance of temperature, sunlight, and soil quality.

The research and development efforts of the University of Florida in improving coffee production in Florida and the potential for commercial coffee farming are also discussed. However, challenges like taste and sustainability must be addressed.

Overall, Florida’s unique flavor profile, sustainable farming practices, and favorable subtropical climate make it an ideal candidate for coffee farming, contributing significantly to the local economy.

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