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Discovering Your Perfect Cup: A Guide to Different Types of Coffee

Different Types of Coffee

As a coffee lover, finding the perfect types of coffee can be a thrilling experience. A great cup of coffee can make or break your day, so it’s important to know which coffee types best suit your taste.

In this article, we will introduce three of the most popular espresso-based drinks and provide an in-depth discussion of Cortado Coffee, one of the newest additions to the coffee family.

Espresso-Based Drinks

Espresso-based drinks, also known as milk-based coffee, are made up of espresso and steamed milk. They typically come in three types: latte, cappuccino, and cortado coffee.

All three are made up of varying amounts of espresso and steamed milk, and the difference lies in the ratio of each ingredient.

Cortado Coffee

Cortado coffee originated in Spain and has become increasingly popular worldwide. It has a unique preparation process and flavor profile that sets it apart from other types of coffee.

A cortado coffee is made up of equal parts espresso and milk, creating a bold and strong coffee flavor profile with a smooth milk texture.

Definition and Preparation

Cortado coffee is created by pouring a single shot of espresso into a glass, followed by an equal amount of steamed milk. The milk is poured slowly to prevent disturbing the crema, the thick layer of froth on top of the espresso.

Unlike other types of coffee that use frothed milk, the milk in cortado coffee is only lightly steamed, creating a smooth texture that blends perfectly with the strong coffee flavor.

Taste and Variations

Cortado coffee has a distinct bitter taste, which makes it the perfect coffee for those who prefer strong coffee flavor profiles. However, the bitterness is well-balanced with the creamy texture of the milk, making it a great coffee for any time of day.

Despite its unique taste, there are several variations of cortado coffee that cater to different preferences. Some coffee shops offer flavored cortado, using flavored coffee beans such as hazelnut, vanilla, or caramel for added sweetness.


Latte coffee is similar to cortado coffee but has a much heavier concentration of milk. It is made by pouring two-thirds steamed milk and one-third espresso into a glass, creating a creamy coffee flavor with a frothy texture.

Definition and Preparation

The preparation process for a latte is relatively simple and requires a few basic ingredients. It starts with a shot of espresso, which is poured into a glass.

Then, the barista adds two-thirds of steamed milk and one-third of the espresso shot. The drink can be finished with a layer of foam, which is created by heating the milk and using a steam wand to introduce air into the milk, creating microbubbles that make the foam on top.

Taste and Variations

Latte has a creamy texture due to the large amount of steamed milk. However, the espresso provides a subtle coffee taste that balances perfectly with the milk.

People who prefer milder coffee flavors often choose lattes over other types of coffee.

Lattes can be served plain or can be customized with a variety of flavored syrups, such as vanilla, caramel, or hazelnut, to add an extra layer of sweetness.


Cappuccino is another popular type of milk-based coffee featuring equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and frothed milk. Compared to lattes, cappuccinos have a higher concentration of espresso and a more frothy texture.

Definition and Preparation

The preparation process of cappuccino is similar to that of latte, except that it employs an equal amount of espresso, steamed, and frothed milk. The espresso is poured into a cup, followed by an equal amount of steamed milk.

After that, the barista adds equal amounts of frothed milk on top, creating a light, foamy texture.

Taste and Variations

The strong espresso makes the cappuccino much bolder than the latte. The frothed milk adds another layer of texture and richness to the drink, creating a smooth and creamy texture.

Cappuccino is also a versatile coffee type and can be customized to different flavors, like flavored coffee beans, or by adding whipped cream on top. For those who want something cooler, an iced cappuccino made by blending the ingredients with ice cubes is a good option.

In conclusion, the world of coffee offers various types of coffee with different flavors and textures. Whether you love a creamy and subtle coffee taste or prefer a strong coffee with a frothy texture, latte and cappuccino are reliable options.

So, next time you visit your favorite coffee shop, try ordering a latte or cappuccino, experiment with different variations, and discover your favorite version of these classic coffee types.

Differences Between the Three Drinks

Milk-based coffee types, like latte, cappuccino, and cortado, are popular among coffee enthusiasts worldwide. While they may appear to be similar drinks, subtle differences set them apart from each other.

Ratio of Milk to Coffee

The milk to coffee ratio is the most notable difference between these drinks. A latte is made up of two-thirds steamed milk and one-third espresso, while a cappuccino is made up of equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and frothed milk.

Comparatively, cortado coffee consists of equal parts espresso and steamed milk. The amount of coffee and milk varies in each drink, which gives it a unique taste and texture.

Recommended Drinks Based on Taste Preference

If you prefer strong coffee, cappuccino is the right fit for you. The equal parts of espresso and milk produce a bold coffee flavor profile.

Likewise, if you prefer a milky flavor, latte is the appropriate choice. The two-thirds milk concentration compared to espresso makes the drink creamier and smoother.

Meanwhile, cortado coffee boasts a slightly milder coffee taste that still has a strong punch, making it the perfect choice for people who like a subtler coffee taste than cappuccino.

Frequently Asked Questions

Non-Dairy Coffee Options

Some people opt for non-dairy options when it comes to their coffee. Fortunately, most coffee shops offer alternatives to cows milk such as almond milk and oat milk.

Almond milk often provides a sweeter taste to the coffee than cows milk, while oat milk adds a creamy texture without altering the coffees flavor profile. Other non-dairy options include soy milk, coconut milk, and rice milk.

Healthiness of the Drinks

The health benefits of milk-based coffee come with the denominator of the milk used in milk-based coffee, more specifically, its fat content. Whole milk, which is often used in some coffee shops, is high in calories.

A cappuccino that uses whole milk, for example, can contain up to 150 calories per cup. However, using alternative milk sources with lower fat content like almond milk, oat milk, or soy milk can minimize the drink’s calorie count.

Some cappuccino or latte options with almond milk, oat milk, or soy milk can have 75-100 calories per cup. Another vital factor when it comes to the health benefits of coffee is the added syrups and sweeteners, which may increase the drink’s calorie count.

In conclusion, knowing the differences between latte, cappuccino, and cortado coffee is important when choosing the right coffee drink to suit your taste preference. People who prefer stronger coffee flavor might choose a cappuccino instead of a latte, which has a more mild coffee flavor.

For those who avoid cow’s milk, there are non-dairy alternatives like almond or oat milk. Although milk-based coffee tends to have a higher calorie count, choosing alternatives with low-fat milk and unsweetened syrups can help minimize the calorie intake.

At the end of the day, coffee offers various flavors to choose from, and it all comes down to personal preferences and finding the right coffee for you. In conclusion, understanding the different types of coffee, such as latte, cappuccino, and cortado, is essential to choosing the right coffee that best suits your taste preference.

With each milk-based coffee having a unique taste and texture, distinguishing them and their ratios of milk to coffee is vital. For those who prefer non-dairy options, there are various alternatives like almond, oat, and soy milk.

When it comes to the health aspect, utilizing low-fat milk and unsweetened syrups can minimize the calorie intake while still enjoying a flavorful coffee. Determining the ideal coffee type can be a thrilling journey that requires experimentation and discovery.

With every cup, people develop a newfound appreciation for the art and science behind coffee brewing, resulting in a memorable experience and a satisfying caffeine fix.

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